Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Refugee Children During COVID-19 Pandemic and the Reliability Study of Arabic Version of YSR-11/18
Original Article
P: 76-83
March 2024

Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Refugee Children During COVID-19 Pandemic and the Reliability Study of Arabic Version of YSR-11/18

Turk J Child Adolesc Ment Health 2024;31(1):76-83
1. Şişli Etfal Hamidiye Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
2. Rumeli Üniversitesi, Psikoloji Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
3. Koç Üniversitesi Hastanesi, Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
No information available.
No information available
Received Date: 10.06.2022
Accepted Date: 17.11.2022
Publish Date: 27.03.2024



The aim of this study is to analyze the reliability of the Arabic version of Youth Self Report 11-18 Years Old (YSR-11/18), the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) based six subscales model and its two sub-scale models and also to identify adolescents with clinical and subclinical symptoms in terms of psychosomatic problems, oppositional defiant (OD) problems, behavior problems, attention deficit hyperactivity (ADH) problems, internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and total problems.

Materials and Methods:

This study was conducted with 333 Syrian refugee adolescents who can read Arabic between March 2 and April 29, 2021. A sociodemographic data form and (YSR-11/18) were applied to the participants. The reliability of the scale was determined by Omega and Cronbach alpha analysis. The differences between the genders were compared with the t-test.


Omega value of YSR-11/18’s subscales of DSM-5 based depression problems, anxiety problems, psychosomatic problems, OD problems, conduct problems, ADH problems was found 0.859, 0.786, 0.771, 0.703, 0.935 and 0.759 respectively; the Omega value of internalization, externalization and total problems subscale was found 0.901, 0.954, 0.968 respectively. Considering the frequency of psychiatric problems at clinical and subclinical level in the study, depressive problems were found 18.4%, anxiety problems 22.6%, psychosomatic problems 5.9%, OD problems 4.7%, conduct problems 8.0%, ADH problems 2.5%; The frequency of internalization, externalization and total problems were found to be 20.4%, 10.5% and 17.1%, respectively.


The Arabic version of YSR-11/18 has been shown to be reliable in six DSM-5-based subscales and two subscales in Syrian refugee adolescents. It has been shown that Syrian refugee adolescents are at high risk for all psychiatric problems during the pandemic period.

Keywords: Refugee, emotional problem, behavioural problem, YSR, reliability


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